It is a cyber attack in which sensitive, confidential, or otherwise protected data has been accessed or disclosed in an unauthorized fashion. Data breaches can occur in any size organization, from small businesses to major corporations.
Furthermore, common data breaches include personal information, such as credit card numbers, Social Security numbers, driver's license numbers, and healthcare histories, as well as corporate information, such as customer lists and source codes.
It is an incident where information is stolen or taken from a system without the knowledge or authorization of the system’s owner. A small company or large organization may suffer a data breach.
Furthermore, stolen data may involve sensitive, proprietary, or confidential information such as credit card numbers, customer data, trade secrets, or matters of national security.
Phases of Data Breaching are as follows:
1. Methodology of Data Breach System
Other frequently observed breach methods include the following:
• A trusted individual or person of authority with access privileges steals data.
• Payment card data is stolen using physical skimming devices.
• Portable drives, laptops, office computers, files, and other physical properties are lost or stolen.
• Through mistakes or negligence sensitive data is exposed.
• In a small number of cases, the actual breach method is unknown or undisclosed.
2. The Research methods
The attacker, having picked a target, looks for weaknesses to exploit, employees, systems, or the network. This entails long hours of research on the attacker’s part and may involve stalking employees' social media profiles to find what sort of infrastructure the company has.
Having scoped a target’s weaknesses, the attacker makes initial contact either through a network-based or social attack.
However, in a network-based attack, the attacker exploits weaknesses in the target’s infrastructure to instigate a breach. Six Sense is the ultimate product to prevent data breaches due to applications you use on your devices accessing data that you have not authorized them to access.
Once inside the network, the attacker is free to extract data from the company’s network. This data may be used for either blackmail or cyber propaganda.
Moreover, the information an attacker collects can also be used to execute more damaging attacks on the target’s infrastructure. We can use our layer 7 firewall. to block applications that you need to use from accessing data that you have not authorized it to.
5. Educate and enforce
Inform your employees about the threats, train them to watch out for social engineering tactics, and introduce and/or enforce guidelines on how to handle a threat if encountered.
6. Implement security measures
Create a process to identify vulnerabilities and address threats in your network. Regularly perform security audits and make sure all of the systems connected to your company network are accounted for.
7. Create contingencies
Put an effective disaster recovery plan in place. In the event of a data breach, minimize confusion by being ready with contact persons, disclosure strategies, and actual mitigation steps.
Moreover, make sure that your employees are made aware of this plan for proper mobilization once a breach is discovered.
There are a few threats which are given below:
1. Vulnerability exploits
Almost every company in the world uses a variety of different software products. Because software is so complex, it often contains flaws known as vulnerabilities.
However, an attacker can exploit these vulnerabilities to gain unauthorized access and view or copy confidential data.
2. Malware infections
Many malicious software programs are designed to steal data or track user activities, sending the information they gather to a server that the attacker controls.
Furthermore, we can use Extended reality labs too.
3. Physical point-of-sale attacks
These attacks target credit and debit card information and most often involve the devices that scan and read these cards.
For example, someone could set up a fake ATM or even install a scanner onto a legitimate ATM in hopes of gathering card numbers and PINs.
4. Credential stuffing
After someone’s login credentials are exposed in a data breach, an attacker may try re-using those same credentials on dozens of other platforms.
Furthermore, if that user logs in with the same username and password on multiple services, the attacker may gain access to the victim's email, social media, and online banking accounts.
5. How to Prevent a Data Breach?
The prevention is reliant on an organization having the right, up-to-date security tools and technologies in place. But it is also imperative for all employees within the organization to take a comprehensive approach to Cyber Security.
Learn how to handle a data breach. This means understanding the security threats they face and how to spot the telltale signs of a potential cyberattack.